It is estimated that eight million metric tons of plastic enter the ocean annually. Much of this plastic ends up in the stomachs of marine animals, who mistake it for food. The ingestion of plastic can cause blockages, starvation, and even death. In addition to the physical dangers posed by marine pollution, it also harms the marine environment in other ways. Oil spills, for example, can cause long-term damage to delicate coral reefs.
Coral reefs are home to a staggering array of marine life and play a vital role in the ocean's health. When they are damaged, the entire ecosystem is thrown out of balance. Marine pollution is a serious problem with far-reaching consequences. We must do everything we can to protect the ocean and the creatures that call it home. In this article, we will see how marine pollution is affecting water creatures.
What is marine pollution?
Marine pollution is when the water in the ocean becomes contaminated with pollutants. There are many different types of marine pollution, but some of the most common include: -Oil spills -Chemical pollution -Plastic pollution -Noise pollution. To know how water creatures are being affected by marine pollution, keep reading.
How are different creatures affected by marine pollution?
Different creatures are affected in different ways by marine pollution. Some may tolerate it better than others, but all are affected differently. Marine pollution can cause skin, eye, and respiratory problems in creatures that come into contact with it. It can also contaminate the food supply and lead to serious health problems. Let us walk deep into the effects of marine pollution:
Effects of Marine Pollution on various water creatures
Fish: Salinity, temperature, and oxygen Levels
Since the beginning of civilization, humans have been polluting the oceans with industrial and agricultural runoff. Ships release large amounts of toxic waste into the sea. As a result, marine pollution has become one of the world's most pressing environmental issues.
The pollution can have a serious effect on the fish population. Salinity levels can decrease leading to problems with water retention and salt accumulation in the internal organs of fishes. Temperature levels can also be affected, as warmer water holds less oxygen than cooler water. This can lead to stressed and unhealthy fish populations.
Invertebrates: Reproduction, Feeding habits, and Protection
The adverse effects of marine pollution on marine invertebrates have been well documented, but the extent to which they are affected is still being assessed. Reproduction, feeding habits, and protection are all adversely affected by pollutants in the water. Marine invertebrates play a vital role in the food chain and can be an indicator of environmental health. The following is a brief overview of how marine pollution affects invertebrates:
Reproduction: Marine invertebrates can suffer from reduced fertility, abnormalities in offspring development, and impaired growth rates due to pollutants. Impairment to reproduction can lead to a decline in population or even extinction.
Feeding habits: Marine invertebrates often feed on tiny organisms essential for their survival and reproduction. The loss of tiny organisms due to pollution in the ocean can affect the food chain poorly.
Coral reefs are delicate ecosystems vital to many marine species' survival. Marine pollution can hurt coral reefs, causing their health and function to decline. The most common pollutants affecting coral reefs are chemical contaminants, sediment, and heat waves. Chemical pollutants can cause damage to the coral's symbiotic algae, which provide the coral with food and oxygen. Sediment can clog up the reef's filter systems, preventing water from reaching the corals. Heat waves can damage coral tissue by causing them to expel their algae and turn brown. Coral reefs are declining worldwide due to various factors, including coastal development and increasing pollution levels.
What can be done to reduce marine pollution?
Marine pollution is a global issue that needs to be addressed urgently. There are many ways to reduce marine pollution, and each has its benefits. Some of these ways include:
Reducing the amount of plastic waste produced.
Make sure ships are using cleaner fuel sources.
Improving regulations on harmful fishing practices.
Encouraging citizens to recycle and compost their waste.
Marine pollution is a severe problem that is negatively affecting water creatures. It is crucial that we reduce pollution in the ocean to protect the creatures living underwater and their habitat. Several things can be done to reduce marine pollution, and we must take action to reduce this problem.
Also, Read- The Growing Menace of Plastic Pollution
A superior and highly experienced entrepreneur in the field of business for quite a long time now. Also, a philanthropist, author and public speaker who believes in working towards the overall well being and betterment of the society as a whole.