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  • Writer's pictureRamesh Chaurasia

The importance of flora and fauna in the environment.

Conserving our flora and fauna is important not just for the environment, but for us as well. Flora and fauna play a role in providing us with food, clean air and water, and even medicine. They also help keep our ecosystems in balance and provide us with a sense of wonder and connection to the natural world.

Unfortunately, human activity is putting increasing pressure on many species of flora and fauna, causing them to decline or even disappear altogether. Deforestation, illegal wildlife trade, habitat loss and fragmentation, pollution, and climate change are all major threats to plant and animal species around the world. Therefore, being prudent about flora and fauna is not only an environmental issue but a human one as well. By taking steps to protect and preserve these vital resources, we can help ensure a better future not just for the planet, but for ourselves.

Here are the reasons why flora and fauna are important in the environment:

Flora and fauna maintain the balance of the ecosystem

Flora and fauna are essential in maintaining the balance of an ecosystem. The decomposition process is greatly affected by flora and fauna, as they help with this process. For example, if plants aren't present to absorb nutrients from dead matter, there will be more waste on the ground than can be broken down by bacteria or other organisms that live in the soil. This can lead to problems with pollution levels in rivers nearby since erosion from landfills can wash away topsoil where trees once stood before moving down into water table areas where they were submerged during floods or hurricanes (which often occur during wet seasons).

Flora and fauna are important for humans, animals, and birds

Humans use flora and fauna for food, medicine, and clothing. Whereas, animals and birds use them to build shelters or to protect themselves from harsh weather conditions.

Flora and fauna also provide recreation opportunities such as hiking trails or camping sites where you can enjoy the outdoors with your friends or family members who have come along with you on this adventure!

Clean the air by absorbing pollutants and converting them into non-harmful gases

Flora and fauna also clean the air we breathe by absorbing pollutants and converting them into non-harmful gases by the process called the carbon cycle. It occurs when plants take carbon dioxide (CO2) out of the atmosphere and use it to build their bodies. The leaves they create then fall off naturally or are eaten by animals, which keeps more CO2 from being released into the atmosphere.

Plants also reduce air pollution by removing smog-forming chemicals from our atmospheres, such as nitrogen oxide (NOX), sulfur dioxide (SO2), carbon monoxide (CO), and particulates like dust particles or sooty smoke particles from burning wood fires. Some plants even produce oxygen directly—for example, some tree varieties can absorb up to 20% of their weight in oxygen daily.

Diversity helps keep diseases away

The diversity of flora and fauna prevents diseases by providing various possible hosts. If you have only one type of plant or animal, then it may get infected with some condition but it will not affect other organisms. For example, if your only tree is an ash tree, then if you get an outbreak of fungal infection on it. The infection may spread throughout the entire forest community because there aren't any other trees for it to infect (and vice versa). This is why it's vital for humans to maintain biodiversity—it protects us from some nasty bugs.

A wide range of flora and fauna allows all species to thrive

Flora and fauna are vital to the ecosystem as they help prevent diseases. They also aid in keeping the air clean and water pure, maintaining a balance between microorganisms that live on land and in water. The wide range of flora and fauna in an area can be attributed to their role as a habitat for many species that cannot survive elsewhere.


Flora and fauna are an essential part of the ecosystem. They help maintain nature's balance by absorbing pollutants and converting them into non-harmful gases. In addition, they also clean the air we breathe by filtering out impurities from our environment. Finally, diversity helps prevent human diseases that could be fatal if left untreated.

Also, read- What Can We Do To Protect Our Biodiversity?


Author- Ramesh Chaurasia

A superior and highly experienced entrepreneur in the field of business for quite a long time now. Also, a philanthropist, author, and public speaker who believes in working towards the overall well-being and betterment of society as a whole.

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